Ambleside Online - Year 1 Booklist

History studied in Year 1: Early History, focusing on people rather than events

Note: These booklists and curriculum suggestions are incomplete without a thorough understanding of Charlotte Mason's ideas and methods. We cannot emphasize enough that you take time to familiarize yourself with her philosophy by reading her books.

If you're planning to use Ambleside Online, your first stop should be the the FAQ for some information about the curriculum and basic instructions. It is not advisable to attempt this curriculum without first reading the FAQ. Homeschoolers hoping to raise their children to be readers, as Charlotte Mason urged, owe it to themselves to take the first step in reading by looking over the instructions for the curriculum they plan to use. The FAQ has all the questions that people routinely ask, with detailed answers and explanations collected from two years of responses to user questions.

Click to view:
KEY TO SYMBOLS
DAILY INSTRUCTION OR PRACTICE
WEEKLY INSTRUCTION OR PRACTICE
BIBLE
HISTORY
BIOGRAPHIES
GEOGRAPHY
NATURAL HISTORY/SCIENCE
PENMANSHIP/COPYWORK
PHONICS/READING INSTRUCTION
MATHEMATICS
FOREIGN LANGUAGE
POETRY
LITERATURE
FREE READING
EXAMS

Key:
Book titles are linked to Project Gutenberg (which offers free etexts in a variety of formats) or other online text when no Project Gutenberg text is available.
β - manybooks.net, another free ebook site.
Δ - free etext at archive.org.
K - free Kindle text from amazon.com.
($) - hard-copy book purchase from amazon.com.
(K) - Kindle purchase from amazon.com.
- free audiobook at Lit2Go
Ω - free audiobook at Librivox [Audio Note]
- other free audiobook source
[0] - Click the bracketed numeral to view a note about the book near the bottom of the page.
[0] - red footnotes indicate a heads-up for parents about the title. We are unable to foresee every incident that might potentially be an issue to every family, but we have red-flagged those that are commonly a concern.

Asterisks refer to which term the book is used:
      * Term 1
     ** Term 2
   *** Term 3

In order to complete the curriculum additional instruction should be provided in the following areas.

Daily Instruction or Practice:

Penmanship or Copywork (AO's Language Arts Scope and Sequence for this level is here.)
Phonics (read notes on teaching phonics in a CM education.) Free online beginning readers by Harriette Taylor Treadwell
Math
Foreign language

Weekly Instruction or Practice:

Art
Correspond history readings with a timeline [tl] and map
Handicrafts
Music Appreciation, including folksongs and hymns
Nature Study
An artist and a composer each term




Bible

This site has many versions. [1]

History: early history, focusing on people rather than events

Trial and Triumph, by Richard Hannula ($ K) [2] [3]
An Island Story, by H.E. Marshall β Δ ($ K) Ω [4] (Kings and Queens Timeline Figures)
* ** Fifty Famous Stories Retold, by James Baldwin, selected chapters β Δ ($ K) Ω Ω Κ [5]
** *** Viking Tales, by Jennie Hall , ch 1-11β Δ ($) Ω [6]

American History Biography

* Benjamin Franklin, by Ingri D'Aulaire ($)
** George Washington, by Ingri D'Aulaire ($)
*** Buffalo Bill, by Ingri D'Aulaire ($)

(Back to Subject Menu)

Geography

Paddle to the Sea, by Holling C. Holling ($) [7]

In addition, these geography concepts should be explained and taught this year: [Geo]
   Term 1: The world is round. Left, right, front (before), back (behind) are positions; know which is which and realize they are dependent on perspective.
   Term 2: Fixed direction (north, south, east, west). The sun shows direction: East is where the sun rises, west is where it sets. Stars (North or Pole Star, constellations) show direction and help mariners find their way. The length and direction of shadows can help us tell time as well as direction.
   Term 3: The round world can be divided into two spheres. The line dividing it across the middle is the equator; its parallel lines are latitude. The line where the earth meets the sky is called the horizon.

Natural History/Science

The Handbook of Nature Study, by Anna Botsford Comstock Δ ($), as scheduled in Nature Study; online. You may find it helpful and fun to participate in the Outdoor Hour Challenge blog.
Supplies for Nature Study:
     Nature notebook and pencils or paint for each student
     Begin to build a library of regional field guides
     Plenty of time to allow Nature Study to be a fun learning experience for both parent and child

James Herriot's Treasury for Children, by James Herriot ($) [8]
The Burgess Bird Book for Children, by Thornton Burgess β Δ ($) Ω Κ [9]

(Back to Subject Menu)

Penmanship/Copywork

A curriculum or program for handwriting is not necessary (especially for this age), but if you want to use one, these are some we've used and can suggest:
A Reason for Writing (Level A: $; Level B: $)
Getty Dubay Italic Handwriting Series ($)

Phonics/Reading Instruction

These are programs the advisory has used and can recommend (not an exhaustive list):
     Teach Your Child to Read in 100 Easy Lessons, by Engelmann, Haddox and Bruner ($)
     Alpha-Phonics: A Primer for Beginning Readers, by Samuel L. Blumenfeld ($ K)
     Home Start in Reading, by Ruth Beechick ($)
     SCM's Delightful Reading This looks lovely, and is based on CM's ideas, but none of the Advisory have used it. If you'd like to try something similar, but without purchasing a program, Auxiliary member Amy Tuttle blogged about how she taught her child to read using CM's instructions here.
     Beginning readers might gain confidence from classics retold in A Primary Reader, by E. Louise Smythe ($)

Mathematics

Select a program that meets your family's needs from our page of Math Options.

Foreign Language

Lyric Language ($), Phrase-A-Day ($), Triple Play, Triple Play Plus ($), Springboard to French/Spanish ($) are some programs we can recommend.
Read a Parents' Review article on teaching foreign languages

(Back to Subject Menu)

Poetry

* A Child's Garden of Verses β by Robert Louis Stevenson; ($) Ω Κ [10]
** Now We Are Six ($ K) and When We Were Very Young ($ K) by A.A. Milne (4-Volume Pooh Library: $)
*** A Child's Book of Poems, by Gyo Fujikawa ($),
          OR The Oxford Book of Children's Verse, by Iona and Peter Opie ($),
          OR AO's free online collection of 200 Classic Children's Poems. (K)

Literature

The Aesop for Children, by Milo Winter ($) Κ
Beautiful Stories from Shakespeareby Edith Nesbit β Δ ($) Ω Κ OR Tales from Shakespeare, by Charles Lamb β Δ ($ K) Κ Ω
The Blue Fairy Book, by Andrew Lang β Δ ($) Ω Κ , selected chapters. [11]
Just So Stories, by Rudyard Kipling β Δ ($) Ω Nice free audio recordings of some stories here. [12]
Parables from Nature, by Margaret Gatty, selections. Δ A modern English paraphrase is available (K). ($ K) Ω Ω [13]

(Back to Subject Menu)


Additional Books for Free Reading [15]

Charlotte's Web, by E.B. White ($)
King of the Golden River, by John Ruskin β Δ Ω Κ
Peter Pan (or, Peter and Wendy) by James M. Barrie β Δ ($) Ω Ω Κ [14]
Pinocchio, by Carlo Collodi β Δ ($ K) Ω Κ
The Red Fairy Book, by Andrew Lang β Δ ($) Κ Ω
St. George and the Dragon, by Margaret Hodges ($)
The Velveteen Rabbit, by Margery Williams β Δ ($ K) Ω
Little House in the Big Woods, by Laura Ingalls Wilder ($)
Pocahontas, by Ingri D'Aulaire ($)

If your Year 1 student needs some additional reading practice, we suggest choosing three or four books from the following:
Millicent Selsam's easy readers. Particularly good are: Plenty of Fish, Seeds and More Seeds, and Let's Get Turtles.
The Boxcar Children (just the first one) by Gertrude Chandler Warner
A Lion to Guard U, Shoeshine Girl, or others by Clyde Robert Bulla
Frog and Toad books by Arnold Lobel (Frog and Toad Are Friends, Frog and Toad All Year, etc)
A Toad for Tuesday, by Russell Erickson

(Purchase a Kindle)


Charlotte Mason created a "List of Attainments;" what a child should be able to do by age 6, and by age 12. It might be helpful to take a look at this list since many Year 1 students are age 6.

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Footnotes

Note on Audiobooks: While links to audio books are added as a courtesy, Miss Mason's approach to grammar and composition is heavily dependent upon the children receiving an immense amount of visual exposure to the written word over many years, so parents should exercise extreme caution in how many audiobooks they use each year. Our brains just work differently when we see the words. For children who have difficulty reading, one solution is to have them follow the audio version along in a written text. (Back)

Timeline: At this age, students should be keeping a timeline of their own personal history. Instructions for making your own timelines and charts are included in these Parents' Review articles: Book of the Centuries; Teaching Chronology; The Correlation of Lessons. For more details about the why, when, how of keeping CM timelines (and other notebooks), we recommend Laurie Bestvater's book, The Living Page ($). (Back)

1. It is preferable for a child to become accustomed to the language and flow of the King James Version of the Bible, as a familiarity with King James English will make other literature more accessible. Please read Lynn Bruce's article on the King James Version by clicking here.
The list of Bible stories on the weekly schedule is mostly from The Wonder Book of Bible Stories, and it has pictures to go with them. They should be read from the Bible, though, not a retelling.
Optional Bible Resources: Timeline; Calvary Chapel Coloring Sheets; Study questions with maps. (Back)

2. Trial and Triumph: Trial and Triumph used to be online, but now only a sample of the book is available online. This is what we used to post about the online posting: Google Books does have permission from Canon Press to have Trial and Triumph in full online. Here is a statement from Canon Press: "I believe we have extended permission to them to display that title. Obviously we would love for folks to purchase hard copies but we understand the limitations of many folks. If they do benefit from the online version though, we would be grateful for some sort of review whether it be on a blog, on Amazon, or on our own website. Thanks for contacting us to check. We really appreicate it." - David Hoos, Canon Press - Customer Service www.canonpress.com (Back)

3. Trial and Triumph: Descriptions of some trials of the Christians may be intense; parents should preview chapters to determine suitablity based on their children's sensitivities. If you prefer, you can skip this book and cover church history in Years 7-9 with a different book, Saints and Heroes, by George Hodges.
This book tells church history from a definite Protestant perspective; some families may wish to skip this book or find an alternative. (Back)

4. An Island Story, Chapters 1-21. This book was published in the UK under the title, "OUR Island Story;" both books are identical except for the title. Be aware that the edition for sale from Wilder Publications has no Table of Contents or chapter numbers. Public domain texts are available for anyone to copy, paste and publish, and many new companies are springing up publishing and selling these texts without editing for typos.
For planning purposes, there is a Table of Contents with dates for An Island Story here. (Back)

5. The selected Tales from "Fifty Famous Stories Retold" are historically vital for cultural literacy. No child should grow up without knowing the story of William Tell or Horatio at the Bridge. These tales not only have deep value as stories of courage, bravery, and wit, but they will also show up in many other readings (and in media sources as well) for the rest of your child's life. There will be references that allude to the Sword of Damocles (such as this news story). If you do not know the stories, you miss those references and so some nuances are lost. Your child's life will be the richer for knowing these stories. Click the 'selected chapters' link to see a list of the chapters covered. (Back)

6. "Viking Tales" are hero stories and myths of Norway. Read Part 1, chapters 1-11 in Year 1; the second part, about Leif Erikson, is covered in Year 2. (Back)

The Following geography concepts should be explained and taught this year; a book is not necessary as these can be explained informally during walks and outings. AO's complete list of geography topics is here.
   Term 1: The world is round. Left, right, front (before), back (behind) are positions; know which is which and realize they are dependent on perspective.
          These topics are covered in these chapters:
          Charlotte Mason's Elementary Geography: Our World Part I
          Long's Home Geography 1. Position

   Term 2: Fixed direction (north, south, east, west). The sun shows direction: East is where the sun rises, west is where it sets. Stars (North or Pole Star, constellations) show direction and help mariners find their way. The length and direction of shadows can help us tell time as well as direction.
          These topics are covered in these chapters:
          Long's Home Geography 2. How the Sun Shows Direction
          Long's Home Geography 3. How the Stars Show Direction

   Term 3: The round world can be divided into two spheres. The line dividing it across the middle is the equator; its parallel lines are latitude. The line where the earth meets the sky is called the horizon.
          These topics are covered in these chapters:
          Charlotte Mason's Elementary Geography: Our World Part II
(Back)

7. After reading Paddle to the Sea, you can watch a three-part docu-drama of the book on YouTube by clicking the links: Part 1; Part 2; Part 3 (Back)

8. "James Herriot's Treasury for Children" was also published as "James Herriot's Treasury of Inspirational Stories for Children." (Back)

9. The Burgess Bird Book: Choose 6 chapters per 12-week term based on season and which birds frequent your geographical region: Fall/winter: ch 36-45; Early spring ch 3-32; Late spring/summer ch 3-35. See resources here. (Back)

10. What about "A Child's Garden of Verses" illustrated by Thomas Kinkade? There are some wonderfully illustrated versions of children's poems out there to choose from. Children enjoy seeing pictures of children like themselves. While Thomas Kinkade's paintings enjoy popularity with many people, they aren't really geared for children; they're charming, idyllic scenes that appeal more to adults who may be drawn to peaceful scenes of country tranquility. Since there are so many alternatives that would be better suited to children, the concern was that Kinkade's current fame might cause a parent to choose the version with his pictures based on the fame of a name alone rather than with a child's eye. Some favorite versions of "A Child's Garden of Verses" are illustrated by Eulalie and Jessie Wilcox Smith. Children dressed as real children were in Robert Louis Stevenson's day helps to set the poems in their correct time context and may help a child form a perspective that children who lived a long ago were a lot like they are today, which gives a better idea of our place in the world; ie, people who lived before were just as real as people who live today. It would be a shame for children to miss seeing pictures of children alongside these poems about children. (Back)

11. If you prefer not to use Lang's "Blue Fairy Book" you may want to consider selected Grimm's Fairy Tales, Hans Christian Andersen's Fairy Tales, Howard Pyle's "The Wonder Clock," or take a look at nine tales specially selected with no fairies, witches or magic spells. All of these options are linked here, as well as links to articles about why fairy tales are used in a CM education. (Back)

12. Note - In "Just So Stories," How the Leopard Got His Spots has one occurance of a racial slur that will need to be omitted; it's near the very end of the chapter. Unabridged audio versions may include the deplorable word. (Back)

13. "Parables of Nature" is a Christian character book using elements of nature to make its point. and is scheduled for 3 years - Years 1, 2 and 3. It is not a science book. If you feel you must substitute, we suggest Clara Dillingham Pierson's "Among the __ People" series because "each story closes with a gentle moral, inspiring children to right behavior," rather than substituting with a science book. (Back)

14. Some parents may wish to make some omissions in Peter Pan: This book is very British and, on a few ocassions, Tinker Bell uses the word for a donkey in name-calling. Her character is not admirable, and in chapter 6, fairies are said to be coming home from a wild partying revelry, but the word that is used sounds odd to us because it has changed meaning since the book was written. There is also a casual attitude about violence, although there is nothing realistically explicit. Over all, the book is fun and J.M. Barrie has a fun sense of humor and a charming writing style that is delightful to read. If you read the book aloud, omissions can be made.
Peter Pan was originally as a play called "The Boy Who Would Not Grow Up." Then a novel followed, a prequel to tell how Peter ran away from his mother and went to live with the fairies when he was seven days old. That book is called "Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens." And last, the play was re-written as a novel called "Peter Pan and Wendy." (Back)

15. Free Reading books are books that no child should miss, but rather than overloading school time, these can be read during free time. No narrations need be required from these books. Advisory member Wendi C. suggests, "How you handle these is up to you . . ." (more) Parents should also explain to students that historical fiction, while often well-researched, is still fiction, and contains the author's ideas of how things might have happened. Books with asterisks pertain to that term's historical studies. (Back)




For those on a strict budget, recommended purchases are:

Handbook of Nature Study by Anna Botsford Comstock (used for 6 years; (purchase) - online, but would be cumbersome to utilize that way
a Math program
Paddle to the Sea by Holling C Holling (your library might have it) (purchase)
D'Aulaire books if your library does not have them: Ben Franklin (purchase), George Washington (purchase), Buffalo Bill (purchase)
children's picture books by James Herriot if your library doesn't have them (purchase)
a phonics program (although you can make do yourself, as this mom did)
a well-illustrated (not by Thomas Kinkade - see note below) version of A Child's Garden of Verses is good to own (purchase)
When We Were Very Young (purchase) and Now We Are Six (purchase) by Milne are nice to own, although most libraries will have these
A Child's Book of Poems by Gyo Fujikawa (purchase) is nice to own unless you already own the Oxford Book of Children's Verse or plan to use AO's online poems
Laura Ingalls Wilder books if your library does not have them (purchase)

Other books can be read online or borrowed from the library.




Burgess Bird Book Resources - SartorisSmiles has resources for each chapter.
Supplements for Bird Study: Online pictures and information for each chapter | More Bird Photos | Bird songs online | An online birdfeeder guide (or here)
For free coloring pages, go about halfway down this page. Also, Rod and Staff has bird pictures in their Nature to Color coloring book. There's a site to order from; calling them directly may be quicker. 1-606-522-4348




From Fifty Famous Stories Retold, the following chapters are scheduled:
The Sword of Damocles (Greek)
Damon and Pythias; and A Laconic Answer (Greek)
The Brave Three Hundred
Alexander and Bucephelas; and *Diogenes (Greek)
The Story of Regulus (Roman)
Cornelia's Jewels (Roman)
Horatius at the Bridge (Roman)
Cincinnatus (Roman)
Androclus and the Lion (Roman)
King Alfred and the Beggar (Saxon England)
The Story of William Tell (Switzerland 1300's; the AO Advisory prefers Horace Scudder's version of this story.)
Arnold Winkelried; (1386)
Bruce and the Spider (Britain, 1329)
The Black Douglas (James Douglas, Britain, d 1330)
Whittington (Britain, 1423)
The *Inchcape Rock (1500's; look for Peter Graham's painting)
Sir Philip Sidney (1586) and *The Ungrateful Soldier
George Washington and his Hatchet; .5 page and *Doctor Goldsmith (1774)
Casabianca (1798)
Picciola (1800's)
How Napoleon Crossed the Alps (1800's)
Maximillian and the Gooseherd (King of Bavaria, 1800's)
Antonio Canova (1822)
Grace Darling (1842)
The Kingdoms (Frederick William, King of Prussia)
Lisa Dal Santo has created a complete list that dates, summarizes and arranges all of the chapters in book order and chronological order.

From the Blue Fairy Book, the following chapters are scheduled:
Recommended List (with possible problematic events in parentheses for parents whose children may have specific issues with certain elements of stories)
Term 1 (37 pages total)
Beauty and the Beast; -Familiar (20 pages)
Why the Sea is Salt (a man tells his brother to go the Dead; a ship sinks and all perish) (5 pages)
Prince Darling (12 pages)
Term 2 (38 pages total)
The Glass Slipper; - Familiar (8 pages)
Master Maid (Unnecessary cruelty to her suitors. Couldn't she just say no?), (16 pages)
Aladdin and the Wonderful Lamp -Familiar (A wicked Magician and his wicked Brother are killed) (14 pages)
Term 3 (37 pages total)
East of the Sun, West of the Moon; (11 pages)
The Forty Thieves (9 pages)
White Cat (The white cat is killed and the princess appears) (17 pages)
Some Good Alternatives
Princess and the Glass Hill; (10 pages)
Blue Beard (6 pages)
Prince Hyacinth (7 pages)
Toads and Diamonds (a selfish girl dies in the woods) - familiar (4 pages)
Snow-white and Rose red (a bear kills an evil gnome) - Familiar (7 pages)
Hansel and Gretel - Familiar (the witch dies) (8 pages)
Rumpelstiltskin (however, Rumpelstiltskin tears himself in half at the end); - Familiar (4 pages)

If your children are sensitive to tragic stories, (and every family's needs will be different because children are unique and have varying levels of tolerance) you may prefer these less violent suggestions. However, you may want to first read Donna-Jean's comments before assuming that such tales are bad for children.

Term 1 (32 pages total)
The Glass Slipper; - common (8 pages)
Felicia and the Pot of Pinks; (9 pages)
Toads and Diamonds (a selfish girl dies in the woods) - familiar (4 pages)
East of the Sun, West of the Moon; (An troll woman bursts with anger) (11 pages)
Term 2 (32 pages total)
Beauty and the Beast; - Familiar (20 pages)
Prince Hyacinth (7 pages)
Why the Sea is Salt (a greedy man tells his brother to go the Dead; ship sinks, all perish) (5 pgs)
Term 3 (29 pages total)
Snow-white and Rose red (a bear kills an evil gnome) - Familiar (7 pages)
Prince Darling (12 pages)
Princess and the Glass Hill; (10 pages)
Some Good Alternatives
Hansel and Gretel - Familiar (the witch dies) (8 pages)
Rumpelstiltskin (however, Rumpelstiltskin tears himself in half at the end); - Familiar (4 pages)

FAIRY TALE OPTIONS:

If you prefer not to use Lang's you may want to look at Hans Christian Andersen's Tales Ω Ω or Howard Pyle's The Wonder Clock Δ or, take a look at these Nine Tales with no fairies, witches or magic spells.) Read about fairy tales from CM's original PR magazine: 1, 2, 3, and read Wendi Capehart's article about Fairy Tales. Another option: Grimm's Fairy Tales Ω; here is one possible suggestion for edits.


Last update Jul 30, 2014