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AO Year 4 - AmblesideOnline.org

Ambleside Online - Year 4 Booklist

History studied in Year 4: 1640-1700's (French and American Revolutions)
* 1640-1720, ** 1720-1773, *** 1773-1780

Note: These booklists and curriculum suggestions are incomplete without a thorough understanding of Charlotte Mason's ideas and methods. We cannot emphasize enough that you take time to familiarize yourself with her philosophy by reading her books.

If you're planning to use Ambleside Online, your first stop should be the the FAQ for some information about the curriculum and basic instructions. It is not advisable to attempt this curriculum without first reading the FAQ. Homeschoolers hoping to raise their children to be readers, as Charlotte Mason urged, owe it to themselves to take the first step in reading by looking over the instructions for the curriculum they plan to use. The FAQ has all the questions that people routinely ask, with detailed answers and explanations collected from two years of responses to user questions.

Key:
Book titles are linked to Project Gutenberg (which offers free etexts in a variety of formats) or other online text when no Project Gutenberg text is available.
β - manybooks.net, another free ebook site.
Δ - free etext at archive.org.
K - free Kindle text from amazon.com.
($) - hard-copy book purchase from amazon.com.
(K) - Kindle purchase from amazon.com.
- free audiobook at Lit2Go
Ω - free audiobook at Librivox [Audio Note]
- other free audiobook source
[0] - Click the bracketed numeral to view a note about the book near the bottom of the page.
[0] - red footnotes indicate a heads-up for parents about the title. We are unable to foresee every incident that might potentially be an issue to every family, but we have red-flagged those that are commonly a concern.

Asterisks refer to which term the book is used:
      * Term 1
     ** Term 2
   *** Term 3

Note: If your child has completed Year 3 and is not quite ready for Year 4, you might consider Year 3.5 as a transitional course of study between Year 3 and 4. It has been designed so that it can be started at any week during the first term, so if you get started on Year 4 and find that your child is struggling, you can switch mid-term. A 36-week schedule is also provided.

In order to complete the curriculum additional instruction should be provided in the following areas.

Daily Lessons:

Penmanship or Copywork
Math
Foreign language
Latin
Musical Instrument Practice

Weekly Lessons:

Art Appreciation
Art
Grammar (AO's Language Arts Scope and Sequence for this level is here.) Year 4 exam questions will focus on subject/nouns and predicate/verbs.
Correspond history readings with a timeline or century book and map
Handicrafts
Music Appreciation, including folksongs and hymns
Nature Study
One Life from Plutarch per term
A Shakespeare play each term




Bible

This site has many versions. [1]

History: 1700's up to the French and American Revolutions

This Country of Ours by H.E. Marshall β Δ ($ K) Ω [2]
** *** George Washington's World by Genevieve Foster ($) [5]
            OR The Story of Mankind by Hendrick Van Loon ($ K) β Δ Ω [3]
Optional: A Child's History of the World by Virgil Hillyer; An Island Story by H. E. Marshall β Δ Ω [4]

History Tales and/or Biography

Trial and Triumph by Richard Hannula ($ K) [6]
* Poor Richard by James Daugherty ($)
** *** Abigail Adams: Witness to a Revolution by Natalie S. Bober ($ K) [7]

Geography

Minn of the Mississippi by Holling C. Holling ($) [8]

In addition, these geography concepts should be explained and taught this year: [Geo]
   Term 1: Earth's surface is mostly water; highlands (cooler), lowlands (warmer), mountains (foot, slope, summit) and valleys
   Term 2: The water cycle: clouds, rain, rivers, ocean, evaporation (vapor); dew, snow
   Term 3: Rivers and waterways; rivers start at a mountain spring and flow to the sea; a river's source, mouth, bed, two banks, tributary (branch), rapids, cataract, waterfall. Oceans and their parts, why rivers wind, work of rivers (fertile after flooding, pebbles, gravel, sand)

Natural History/Science

The Handbook of Nature Study by Anna Botsford Comstock Δ ($), as scheduled in Nature Study. You may find it helpful and fun to participate in the Outdoor Hour Challenge blog.
Supplies for Nature Study:
     Nature notebook and pencils or paint for each student
     Begin to build a library of regional field guides
     Plenty of time to allow Nature Study to be a fun learning experience for both parent and child

Madam How and Lady Why by Charles Kingsley β Δ ($) Ω Κ [9]
The Storybook of Science by Jean-Henri Fabre Δ ($ K) Ω
Optional: Physics Lab in the Home by Robert Friedhoffer (K) (search amazon.com) [10]

If your kids really love science and if they can handle it, you may like the Exploring Creation With . . . series by Jeannie Fulbright for science in Years 3-6 ($): also available here. This would be in addition to the regular AO recommendations, so should only be considered by families whose children can handle the additional work load. A support group is available.

Penmanship/Copywork

A curriculum or program for handwriting is not necessary, but if you want to use one, these are some we've used and can suggest:
A Reason for Writing (Level A: $) (Level B: $)
Getty Dubay Italic Handwriting Series ($)

Mathematics

Select a program that meets your family's needs from our page of Math Options.

Foreign Language

Latin

Poetry

* Alfred Lord Tennyson (K)
** Emily Dickinson (K)
*** William Wordsworth (K)

Literature

The Age of Fable by Thomas Bulfinch β Δ ($ K) Ω Κ Ω [12]
* ** The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe β Δ ($) Ω Free audio podcast. [11]
** *** Kidnapped by Robert Louis Stevenson β Δ ($) Ω
*** The Incredible Journey by Sheila Burnford ($ K)
The following short works (K):
*** The Legend of Sleepy Hollow by Washington Irving β ($) Ω (K includes Legend of Sleepy Hollow, Paul Revere's Ride, and Rip Van Winkle)
*** Paul Revere's Ride by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow ($) Ω
*** Rip Van Winkle by Washington Irving ($) Ω


Additional Books for Free Reading [13]
Black Beauty β by Anna Sewell ($ K) Ω
Pollyanna β by Eleanor Porter ($ K) Ω
The Secret Garden β by Frances Hodgson Burnett ($ K) Ω
The Railway Children β by Edith Nesbit ($ K) Ω
A Book of Golden Deeds β by Charlotte Yonge ($)
Bambi by Felix Salten ($)
The Chronicles of Narnia series ($ $) by C.S. Lewis
     The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (K)
     The Magician's Nephew (K)
     The Horse and His Boy (K)
     Prince Caspian (K)
     The Voyage of the Dawn Treader (K)
     The Silver Chair (K)
     The Last Battle (K)
Little Britches series by Ralph Moody ($) (some language; please preview)
The Borrowers by Mary Norton ($ $ K)
Lassie Come Home by Eric Knight ($)
Gentle Ben by Walt Morey ($)
Gone Away Lake by Elizabeth Enright ($)
Thimble Summer by Elizabeth Enright ($)
Return To Gone Away by Elizabeth Enright ($)
By the Shores of Silver Lake by Laura Ingalls Wilder ($)
The Peterkin Papers by Lucretia Hale β Δ ($); 22 chapters; The Complete Peterkin Papers has a few additional chapters, but each chapter can stand alone. These were originally printed as serials in a magazine. Ω Ω
** Calico Captive (girl interest; $ K) or The Sign of the Beaver (boy interest; $ K) by Elizabeth George Speare
*** Johnny Tremain by Esther Forbes ($ K)
Tree of Freedom by Rebecca Caudill ($)
Amos Fortune, Free Man by Elizabeth Yates ($)
*** The Reb and the Redcoats by Constance Savery (British view of revolution) ($)
Justin Morgan had a Horse by Marguerite Henry ($)

If you would like some easier, but still excellent, living books, for a year 3/4 student to read independently for free reading, consider choosing three or four books from this list:
The Matchlock Gun by Walter D. Edmonds
The Courage of Sarah Noble by Alice Dalgliesh
Sarah Plain and Tall (a series of five books) by Patricia MacLachlan
The Remarkable Journey of Prince Jen by Lloyd Alexander
Twenty and Ten by Claire Huchet Bishop
Rabbit Hill by Robert Lawson
The Twenty-One Balloons by William Pene du Bois
My Side of the Mountain by Jean Craighead George
If your students in years 4-6 could benefit from some easier, but still excellent living books for free reading, consider choosing four or five books from this list:
The Good Master, The White Stag, The Singing Tree and others by Kate Seredy
Mrs Frisby and the Rats of NIMH by Robert C. O'Brien
The Rescuers and others in the series by Margery Sharp
The Cricket in Times Square by George Selden
Homer Price by Robert McCloskey
The Great Brain by John D. Fitzgerald, particularly interesting to boys
Noel Streatfeild books (Ballet Shoes, Skating Shoes, Dancing Shoes, etc) are appealing to girls in particular.

(Purchase a Kindle)


Footnotes

Note on Audiobooks: While links to audio books are added as a courtesy, Miss Mason's approach to grammar and composition is heavily dependent upon the children receiving an immense amount of visual exposure to the written word over many years, so parents should exercise extreme caution in how many audiobooks they use each year. Our brains just work differently when we see the words. For children who have difficulty reading, one solution is to have them follow the audio version along in a written text. (Back)

1. It is preferable for a child to become accustomed to the language and flow of the King James Version of the Bible, as a familiarity with King James English will make other literature more accessible. Please read Lynn Bruce's article on the King James Version by clicking here.
The weekly schedule lists readings taken from J. Paterson Smyth's commentaries, with Old Testament readings focusing on Joshua and the Judges, and New Testament in Mark and the beginning of Acts. (see AO's Bible plan) Charlotte Mason taught both with commentaries, reading the Bible passage first, then narration, then reading the commentary, but Smyth's commentaries may reflect the doctrine of his era and denomination; they are not necessary to follow the Bible schedule.
Optional Bible Resources: Timeline; Study questions with maps. (Back)

2. This Country of Ours: Charles I-George III this year.
Term 1: ch 29-40 (Charles I-Charles II/Anne, 1636-1680)
Term 2: ch 41-50 (George I-George III 1723-1766)
Term 3: ch 51-63, p 344-418, 74 pages (George III, 1765-1782)
Be aware that the edition for sale from Wilder Publications has no Table of Contents or chapter numbers. Public domain texts are available for anyone to copy, paste and publish, and many new companies are springing up publishing and selling these texts without editing for typos.
For planning purposes, there is a Table of Contents with dates for This Country of Ours here. (Back)

3. Read Charlotte Mason's book review of Van Loon's "Story of Mankind" here.
Term 1: ch 44-45 Religious Warfare, 1535-1648; English Revolution 1714
Term 2: ch 46-49 Balance of Power (Louis XIV), Peter 1698; Frederick William I, Prussia, (1740-1886)
Term 3: ch 50-52, Mercantile System, American Revolution; French Revolution, 1789-99
For planning purposes, there is a Table of Contents with dates for The Story of Mankind here. (Back)

4. For those who wish to supplement, or to combine students in the same year, corresponding chapters of A Child's History of the World for younger children are as follows:
Term 1: ch 71-72 (ch 67-68 in 1st ed) Charles I, Louis XIV, -1620
Term 2: ch 73-74 (ch 69-70 in 1st ed) Peter the Great, Frederick the Great, 1750)
Term 3: ch 75-76 (ch. 71-72 in 1st edition) American Revolution, French Revolution, 1789)
Corresponding chapters of An Island Story:
Term 3: ch 95 and 96, 1760-1820, George III.
Kings and Queen timeline figures (Back)

5. An alternate schedule for George Washington's World is here. (Back)

6. Trial and Triumph: Descriptions of some trials of the Christians may be intense; parents should preview chapters to determine suitablity based on their children's sensitivities. If you prefer, you can skip this book and cover church history in Years 7-9 with a different book, Saints and Heroes, by George Hodges.
This book tells church history from a definite Protestant perspective; some families may wish to skip this book or find an alternative.
Google Books does have permission from Canon Press to have this book in full online. Here is a statement from Canon Press: "I believe we have extended permission to them to display that title. Obviously we would love for folks to purchase hard copies but we understand the limitations of many folks. If they do benefit from the online version though, we would be grateful for some sort of review whether it be on a blog, on Amazon, or on our own website. Thanks for contacting us to check. We really appreicate it. - David Hoos, Canon Press - Customer Service www.canonpress.com." (Back)

7. Chapter 3, p. 17 of the Abigail Adams book contains this paragraph - 'Their love was growing giddy and passionate. Increasingly their meetings started with conversation, but quickly turned to lovemaking that pushed hard against the bounds of prudence. Both had so much -- yearning, called 'excessive sensibility,' that they actually became ill from anxiety and anticipation as the years of courtship continued.' The word 'lovemaking' is used in the old context of courting, but today's Hollywood movies have changed our perspective on the word. Members of the Ambleside Online email list can read discussion that was posted about this here. Read down through the messages, though, for good insights into the value of that passage and why you might want to think twice before you leave it out. If you're using the 36-week schedule posted, this chapter is scheduled in week 15. (Back)

8. These links have information and/or maps about the Mississippi River Page: The Great River; Map; Wikipedia. Beautiful Feet Books sells a set of maps for the Holling books; click on the link and then do a search for Holling Maps. (Back)

The Following geography concepts should be explained and taught this year; a book is not necessary as these can be explained informally during walks and outings. AO's complete list of geography topics is here.
   Term 1: Earth's surface is mostly water; highlands (cooler), lowlands (warmer), mountains (foot, slope, summit) and valleys
          These topics are covered in these chapters:
          Charlotte Mason's Elementary Geography: The Surface of the Earth Part I
          Charlotte Mason's Elementary Geography: The Surface of the Earth Part II
          Charlotte Mason's Elementary Geography: Highlands and Lowlands
          Long's Home Geography Δ 11. Plains
          Long's Home Geography Δ 12. Hills, Mountains, Valleys

   Term 2: The water cycle: clouds, rain, rivers, ocean, evaporation (vapor); dew, snow
          These topics are covered in these chapters:
          Long's Home Geography Δ 13. Rain, Wind, and Snow
          Long's Home Geography Δ 14. How Water is Changed to vapor
          Long's Home Geography Δ 15. How Vapor is Changed to Water
          Long's Home Geography Δ 16. Dew, Clouds and rain
          Long's Home Geography Δ 18. How Rivers are Made
          Long's Home Geography Δ 19. More About Rivers
          Charlotte Mason's Elementary Geography: Rivers

   Term 3: Rivers and waterways; rivers start at a mountain spring and flow to the sea; a river's source, mouth, bed, two banks, tributary (branch), rapids, cataract, waterfall. Oceans and their parts, why rivers wind, work of rivers (fertile after flooding, pebbles, gravel, sand)
          These topics are covered in these chapters:
          Long's Home Geography Δ 21. Work of Flowing Rivers
          Long's Home Geography Δ 22. Waterdrop's Story
          Charlotte Mason's Elementary Geography: Countries
          Charlotte Mason's Elementary Geography: The Waters of the Earth Part I
          Charlotte Mason's Elementary Geography: The Waters of the Earth Part II
          Charlotte Mason's Elementary Geography: The Oceans and Their Parts

9. Katie Barr has written a Study Guide with links for Madam How and Lady Why. Cindy Gould has collected resource links.
This year, the first half of the book is covered:
Term 1: The Glen, Earthquakes;
Term 2: Volcanos, Transformations of a Grain of Soil
Term 3: The Ice-Plough, The True Fairy-Tale, The Chalk Carts (Back)

10. Friedhoffer's "Physics Lab in a . . ." books are a great resource, but they're out of print; don't spend more than $10 on a used copy. (Back)

11. Robinson Crusoe Book II, The Further Adventures, is not scheduled and is not included in most versions. Robinson Crusoe will be difficult for most students; we recommend that it be read aloud, or an audiobook be used. The book starts slow, but most students end up loving it. (Back)

12. Age of Fable, used over three years, is a book about Greek mythology, and some editions use illustrations of nudes, which some families might find objectionable. This year: Preface to ch 14 (Minerva-Niobe)
Term 1: Preface to ch 4 (Diana and Actaeon)
Term 2: ch 4 (Latona and the rustics) to ch 8 (Apollo and Hyacinthus)
Term 3: ch 9 (Ceyx and Halcyone) to ch 14 (Niobe) (Back)

13. Free Reading books are books that no child should miss, but rather than overloading school time, these can be read during free time. No narrations need be required from these books. Parents should also explain to students that historical fiction, while often well-researched, is still fiction, and contains the author's ideas of how things MIGHT have happened. Books with asterisks pertain to that term's historical studies. (Back)




For those on a strict budget, recommended purchases are:

Handbook of Nature Study by Anna Botsford Comstock (used for 6 years; ($) - online, but would be cumbersome to utilize that way
a math program
George Washington's World by Genevieve Foster (check library) ($)
Poor Richard by James Daugherty ($)
Abigail Adams: Witness to a Revolution by Natalie S. Bober ($ K)
Minn of the Mississippi if your library doesn't have it ($)
a Latin/foreign language program
The Incredible Jouney by Sheila Burnford if your library doesn't have it ($ K)
Chronicles of Narnia by CS Lewis if your library doesn't have them
Elizabeth Enright books are nice if you can find them cheap (but not worth high collector prices) ($)
Other books can be read online or borrowed from the library.




Madam How and Lady Why Links

Chapter 2 Earthquakes
http://www.crustal.ucsb.edu/ics/outreach/understanding/
http://www.exploratorium.edu/ls/pathfinders/earthquakes/
http://www.scecdc.scec.org/recenteqs/ - has a map with current and recent earthquakes in CA & NV.
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/4kids/ - lots of fun stuff for kids
http://www.suzy.co.nz/SuzysWorld/Factpage.asp?FactSheet=30
http://www.thirteen.org/savageearth/animations/hellscrust/main.html
http://ology.amnh.org/earth/plates/index.html

Chapter 3 Volcanoes
http://kids.discovery.com/games/pompeii/pompeii.html
http://www.nationalgeographic.com/ngkids/0312/main.html
http://magma.nationalgeographic.com/ngexplorer/0405/quickflicks/
http://www.suzy.co.nz/SuzysWorld/Factpage.asp?FactSheet=196

Chapter 5 The Ice-Plough (glaciers and the ice age)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/everest/earth/glacier.html
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/warnings/
http://www.pbs.org/edens/patagonia/tglacier.htm#Instructional%20Objectives: http://nsidc.org/glaciers/
Also, another book that goes along well with this topic is Life in the Great Ice Age sold by Answers in Genesis
http://www.answersingenesis.org/PublicStore/product/Life-in-the-Great-Ice-Age,4327,185.aspx
and has lesson plans available http://www.answersingenesis.org/cec/archive.asp (scroll down to the bottom of the page for lesson plans for this book)

(Thanks to Cindy Gould for many of these Madam How and Lady Why resources)



Exam Questions

Last update Oct 8, 2011