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AO Year 6 - AmblesideOnline.org

Ambleside Online - Year 6 Booklist

History studied in Year 6: End of WWI to present day, and 2 terms in ancient history
Term 1: WWI to present day; Term 2: ancient history; Term 3: ancient history

Note: These booklists and curriculum suggestions are incomplete without a thorough understanding of Charlotte Mason's ideas and methods. We cannot emphasize enough that you take time to familiarize yourself with her philosophy by reading her books.

Year 6 reflects a transition year between the education of childhood and the challenging education of the upper years. As such, more mature subject matter is included in some areas. We have endeavored to make note of this where applicable, but we encourage parents to pre-screen such material to determine its appropriateness for their child and family.

KEY TO SYMBOLS
DAILY INSTRUCTION OR PRACTICE
WEEKLY INSTRUCTION OR PRACTICE
BIBLE
HISTORY
BIOGRAPHIES
GEOGRAPHY
NATURAL HISTORY/SCIENCE
PENMANSHIP/COPYWORK
MATHEMATICS
FOREIGN LANGUAGE
POETRY
LITERATURE
FREE READING
EXAMS

Key:
Book titles are linked to Project Gutenberg (which offers free etexts in a variety of formats) or other online text when no Project Gutenberg text is available.
β - manybooks.net, another free ebook site.
Δ - free etext at archive.org.
K - free Kindle text from amazon.com.
($) - hard-copy book purchase from amazon.com.
(K) - Kindle purchase from amazon.com.
- free audiobook at Lit2Go
Ω - free audiobook at Librivox [Audio Note]
- other free audiobook source
[0] - Click the bracketed numeral to view a note about the book near the bottom of the page.
[0] - red footnotes indicate a heads-up for parents about the title. We are unable to foresee every incident that might potentially be an issue to every family, but we have red-flagged those that are commonly a concern.

Asterisks refer to which term the book is used:
      * Term 1
     ** Term 2
   *** Term 3

In order to complete the curriculum additional instruction should be provided in the following areas.

Daily Lessons:

Penmanship or Copywork
Math
Foreign language
Latin
Musical Instrument Practice

Weekly Lessons:

Art Appreciation
Art
Grammar (AO's Language Arts Scope and Sequence for this level is here.) Year 5 exam questions will focus on adjectives, adverbs, prepositions and prepositional phrases.
Correspond history readings with a timeline or century book [tl] and map
Handicrafts
Music Appreciation, including folksongs and hymns
Nature Study
One Life from Plutarch per term
A Shakespeare play each term




Bible

Suggested option: Read through the Bible (minus Psalms, Proverbs, Song of Solomon and Revelation) in six years (Years 6-11), starting with Genesis. [1]

History: end of WWI to present day, and 2 terms in ancient history

Year 6 reflects a transition year between the education of childhood and the challenging education of the upper years. As such, more mature subject matter is included in some areas. We have endeavored to make note of this where applicable, but we encourage parents to pre-screen such material to determine its appropriateness for their child and family.

* The Story of Mankind β ($) Ω; [2] OR Child's History of the World by Hillyer [6]
* Story of the World, Vol 4: The Modern Age by Susan Wise Bauer ($ K) [3]
            OR What Everyone Should Know About the 20th Century by Axelrod, Phillips [4]
** *** Augustus Caesar's World by Genevieve Foster ($) [5]
** Story of the Greeks by H. A. Guerber β Δ ($) Κ
*** Story of the Romans by H. A. Guerber Δ (Heritage History)($ K)

(Back to Subject Menu)

History Tales and/or Biography

Trial and Triumph by Richard Hannula ($; K) [7]
* Never Give In (about Winston Churchill) by Stephen Mansfield ($)
** Genesis, Finding Our Roots by Ruth Beechick ($) [8]
*** Select a book from the Free Reading selections below. [8]

(Back to Subject Menu)

Geography

The Story of David Livingstone by Vautier Golding (Heritage History) ($ K) or Missionary Travels β Δ Κ [9]
Ten minutes of map drills each week [geo]
Locate places from the day's reading on a map

In addition, these geography concepts should be explained and taught this year: [Geo]
   Term 1: Animal features (feet, teeth, covering) and their purposes; how we use animals (meat, milk, fur, silk, horns, hooves, labor, pets)
   Term 2: Things mined from the earth: minerals and metals such as coal, iron, gold, silver, lead, tin, copper, mercury, salt. Quarried stones: granite, sandstone; limestone (chalk), marble, slate and their uses. Where brick and glass come from; mortar.
   Term 3: People around the world live in different dwellings, eat, work, learn and play. Terms: agriculture (farming), stock-raising, mining, lumbering, fishing. Town people: manufacturing, trade/commerce, transportation and other occupations.

Natural History/Science

The Handbook of Nature Study by Anna Botsford Comstock Δ ($), as scheduled in Nature Study. You may find it helpful and fun to participate in the Outdoor Hour Challenge blog.
Supplies for Nature Study:
     Nature notebook and pencils or paint for each student
     Begin to build a library of regional field guides
     Plenty of time to allow Nature Study to be a fun learning experience for both parent and child

* ** School of the Woods Δ by William J. Long ($ K)
The Mystery of the Periodic Table by Benjamin Wiker and Jeanne Bendick ($ K)
** *** The Sea Around Us by Rachel Carson ($ K) [10]
The Elements: A Visual Exploration of Every Known Atom in the Universe by Theodore Gray - selected elements ($) Or, purchase the app
It Couldn't Just Happen by Lawrence Richards ($ K)

Science Biography

* Albert Einstein and the Theory of Relativity by Robert Cwiklik ($) OR Ordinary Genius by Stephanie McPherson ($)
** Archimedes and the Door of Science by Jeanne Bendick ($ K)
*** Galileo and the Magic Numbers by Sidney Rosen (K) [12]

(Back to Subject Menu)

Penmanship/Copywork

A curriculum or program for handwriting is not necessary, but if you want to use one, these are some we've used and can suggest:
A Reason for Writing (Level A: $) (Level B: $)
Getty Dubay Italic Handwriting Series ($)

Mathematics

Select a program that meets your family's needs from our page of Math Options.

Foreign Language

Latin

Poetry

* Robert Frost
** Carl Sandburg
*** Alfred Noyes a few poems online
Term 3's poems aren't selected yet; until then, you might enjoy these 59 poems

(Back to Subject Menu)

Literature

The Age of Fable by Thomas Bulfinch β Δ ($ K) Ω Κ [13]
* ** The Hobbit by J. R. R. Tolkien (16 weeks) ($ K)
** Animal Farm by George Orwell (8 weeks) ($ K)
*** The Iliad: translations by Robert Fagles ($, K); Alexander Pope Δ Κ ; Samuel Butler β Δ ($ K) Ω [14]

(Back to Subject Menu)


Additional Books for Free Reading [15]
Books with asterisks pertain to that term's historical studies.
* Where the Red Fern Grows by Wilson Rawls; 20th century ($ K)
* The Endless Steppe: Growing Up in Siberia by Esther Hautzig ($) (recommended by AO users!)
* The Winged Watchman by Hilda Van Stockum ($)
* Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry by Mildred D. Taylor ($ K); deals with racism in the 1930's
* Blue Willow by Doris Gates ($); dust bowl story - there is another book by this name
* MIracles on Maple Hill by Virginia Sorensen ($ K); depression era fiction- sweet, upbeat, nature appreciation
* Letters from Rifka by Karen Hesse ($ K); very literary story of a Jewish Immigrant to post WWII America
* Jungle Pilot: The Life and Witness of Nate Saint, Martyred Missionary to Ecuador by Russel T. Hitt
* The Von Trapp Family Singers by Maria Von Trapp ($ K)
* Snow Treasure by Marie McSwigan ($); true story of Norwegian children who spirited away gold for the resistance right under the Nazi's eyes
* Number the Stars by Lois Lowry ($ K); WWII based on a true story of the Danish efforts to save the Jews
* The Ark by Margot Benary-Isbert; refugee family attempts survival in post WWII Germany [OOP]
Rob Roy by Sir Walter Scott β Δ ($ K) Ω Vol 1 Κ Vol 2 Κ
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain β Δ ($) Ω
Little Men by Louisa May Alcott β Δ ($) Ω
Jack and Jill by Louisa May Alcott β Δ ($) Ω Κ (every homeschool family should read this)
The Cricket on the Hearth by Charles Dickens β Δ ($) Ω Κ
The Swiss Family Robinson by Johann Wyss β Δ ($ K) Ω
Call of the Wild by Jack London β Δ ($) Ω Κ
Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea by Jules Verne β Δ ($) Ω Κ
Penrod by Booth Tarkington β Δ ($) Ω Κ
A Little Brother to the Bear by William J. Long Δ ($ K) Κ
*** The Bronze Bow by Elizabeth Speare ($ K)
God's Smuggler by Brother Andrew and John Sherrill ($ K)
** *** Ben Hur by Lew Wallace β Δ ($) Κ Ω
The Search for Planet X by Tony Simon [out of print; this book has a PNEU connection.]

If your students in years 4-6 could benefit from some easier, but still excellent living books for free reading, consider choosing four or five books from this list:
The Good Master, The White Stag, The Singing Tree and others by Kate Seredy
Mrs Frisby and the Rats of NIMH by Robert C. O'Brien
The Rescuers and others in the series by Margery Sharp
The Cricket in Times Square by George Selden
Homer Price by Robert McCloskey
The Great Brain by John D. Fitzgerald, particularly interesting to boys
Noel Streatfeild books (Ballet Shoes, Skating Shoes, Dancing Shoes, etc) are appealing to girls in particular.

(Purchase a Kindle)

(Back to Subject Menu)


Footnotes

Note on Audiobooks: While links to audio books are added as a courtesy, Miss Mason's approach to grammar and composition is heavily dependent upon the children receiving an immense amount of visual exposure to the written word over many years, so parents should exercise extreme caution in how many audiobooks they use each year. Our brains just work differently when we see the words. For children who have difficulty reading, one solution is to have them follow the audio version along in a written text. (Back)

Timeline: At this age, students should be keeping a simple, single-page timeline of major events and a Book of Centuries. Instructions for making your own timelines and charts are included in these Parents' Review articles: Book of the Centuries; Teaching Chronology; The Correlation of Lessons. For more details about the why, when, how of keeping CM timelines (and other notebooks), we recommend Laurie Bestvater's book, The Living Page ($). (Back)

1. It is preferable for a child to become accustomed to the language and flow of the King James Version of the Bible, as a familiarity with King James English will make other literature more accessible. Please read Lynn Bruce's article on the King James Version by clicking here.
The weekly schedule lists New Testament readings taken from J. Paterson Smyth's and Eugene Stock's commentaries on the second part of the life of Christ from all the gospels in harmony. Not every week has assignments from both OT and NT. (see AO's Bible plan) Charlotte Mason taught with commentaries, reading the Bible passage first, then narration, then reading the commentary, but Smyth's and Stock's commentaries may reflect the doctrine of their era and denomination; they are not necessary to follow the Bible schedule. You can follow this schedule without commentary, or choose your own.
Suggested for Year 6: Begin to read through the Bible (minus Song of Solomon and Revelation) in six years (Years 6-11): Term 1: Genesis; Psalm 1-20; Proverbs 1-6
Term 2: Job and Exodus 1-24; Psalm 21-37; Proverbs 7-11
Term 3: Exodus 25-40 and Leviticus; Psalm 38-55; Proverbs 12-16
For New Testament, continue with the second part of the life of Christ.
Optional Bible Resources: Timeline; Study questions with maps. (Back)

2. The chapters used this year in Story of Mankind include added chapters that were added to later revised editions and are still under copyright, so they are not in the online texts. They are in the 1984 version updated by John Merriman and published by Liveright; this edition is being further updated by Robert Sullivan and being rereleased in hardback by Liveright in Dec 2013. Only get a Kindle version if it says it's the version "updated by John Merriman." Online public domain texts and audio of this book are likely to be missing those later chapters.
Term 1: ch 66-71 1920
For planning purposes, there is a Table of Contents with dates for The Story of Mankind here. (Back)

3. Story of the World: The historical books that were recommend for Years 1-6 such as An Island Story, A Child's History of the World, Abraham Lincoln's World, The Story of Mankind were carefully selected based on literary quality and availability for those historical periods and we believe that Susan Wise Bauer's Story of the World Volume 4 is the best book for the twentieth century that meets that same criteria. Pgs 244-474 are used this year. (Back)

4. Full title is What Everyone Should Know About the 20th Century: 200 Events That Shaped the World, by Alan Axelrod and Charles Phillips. This book went out of print and has been replaced in our schedule by The Story of the World Volume 4 The Modern Age by Susan Wise Bauer. However, if you have this book, you can still use it.
The Advisory did not feel that there was an adequate children's level book available on the 20th century. What everyone should know about the 20th century" is written for adults. We chose a number of the short chapters for our use in year 6. Parents should realize that chapters not selected may have material deemed unacceptable for their family, and they should keep that in mind when giving the book to their children. Parents may wish to read surrounding chapters to the chapters assigned. For instance, the chapter about the Moon Walk concludes on the page that a chapter on Woodstock begins. The Advisory did try to note any questionable wording in the chapters recommended. Parents should preview chapters where possible, as the author occasionally displays a bias that would not be acceptable to all families. This book has no photos - Parents are encouraged to select appropriate [non-graphic] photos of the century to show to their children, after they have read about the events ahead of time, in their context. Used in year 5 and 6.
Before this book went out of print; AO support group members worked on a compendium that may be used. You can see that here. (Back)

5. Augustus Caesar's World: This book contains sections on the birth of world religions presented from a secular humanist point of view. Parents may wish to cover these sections closely with their children.
Term 2: first half of book - 162 pgs
Term 3: second half of book - 162 pgs (Back)

6. For those who wish to supplement, or to combine students in the same year, corresponding chapters of A Child's History of the World for younger children are as follows:
Term 1: ch 85-91 (Back)

7. Trial and Triumph: Descriptions of some trials of the Christians may be intense; parents should preview chapters to determine suitablity based on their children's sensitivities. If you prefer, you can skip this book and cover church history in Years 7-9 with a different book, Saints and Heroes, by George Hodges.
This book tells church history from a definite Protestant perspective; some families may wish to skip this book or find an alternative.
Google Books does have permission from Canon Press to have this book in full online. Here is a statement from Canon Press: "I believe we have extended permission to them to display that title. Obviously we would love for folks to purchase hard copies but we understand the limitations of many folks. If they do benefit from the online version though, we would be grateful for some sort of review whether it be on a blog, on Amazon, or on our own website. Thanks for contacting us to check. We really appreicate it. - David Hoos, Canon Press - Customer Service www.canonpress.com." (Back)

8. In place of Genesis, Finding Our Roots and a selection from Free Reading, some families may prefer to use Ben Hur by Lew Wallace β Δ ($) Κ Ω, scheduling Books 1-4 in Term 2 and Books 5-8 in Term 3.; a suggested schedule of readings is here. (Back)

9. Livingstone's journeys were selected for their geography of Africa, so map work is vital. The map link goes to a Map created by Livingstone himself. Vautier Golding's book could be covered in one term, leaving time to use another resource (perhaps one of the options from Year 5). Or, you may prefer to use Missionary Travels by David Livingstone, although some students have found it very dry. (Back)

Geography. Geosafari (available now on CD-rom) would be sufficient. ($ purchase basic geography card set) SeterraOnline offers Free Map Quiz Games. If you have an iPad or iPhone, TapQuiz is a free map quiz app. (Back)

The Following geography concepts should be explained and taught this year; a book is not necessary as these can be explained informally during walks and outings. AO's complete list of geography topics is here.
   Term 1: Animal features (feet, teeth, covering) and their purposes; how we use animals (meat, milk, fur, silk, horns, hooves, labor, pets)
          These topics are covered in these chapters:
          Long's Home Geography Δ 37. The Parts of Animals
          Long's Home Geography Δ 38. The Covering of Animals
          Long's Home Geography Δ 39. Uses of Animals

   Term 2: Things mined from the earth: minerals and metals such as coal, iron, gold, silver, lead, tin, copper, mercury, salt. Quarried stones: granite, sandstone; limestone (chalk), marble, slate and their uses. Where brick and glass come from; mortar.
          These topics are covered in these chapters:
          Long's Home Geography Δ 41. Things Found in the Earth
          Long's Home Geography Δ 42. More About Things Found in the Earth

   Term 3: People around the world live in different dwellings, eat, work, learn and play. Terms: agriculture (farming), stock-raising, mining, lumbering, fishing. Town people: manufacturing, trade/commerce, transportation and other occupations.
          These topics are covered in these chapters:
          Long's Home Geography Δ 43. How People Live, and What They Are Doing
          Long's Home Geography Δ 44. More About What People Are Doing
          Long's Home Geography Δ 45. A Review Lesson
(Back)

10. The Sea Around Us - we recommend the Young Readers Edition adapted by Anne Terry White if you can find it. $ (Back)

12. Galileo and the Magic Numbers is also available for free at Fictionwise, but it must be read off your PC. (Back)

13. Age of Fable, used over three years, is a book about Greek mythology, and some editions use illustrations of nudes, which some families might find objectionable. This year: ch 29 (Ulysses) - end (Druids)
Term 1: ch 29 (Return of Ulysses) to ch 33 (Camilla, Opening the Gates, Camilla)
Term 2: ch 33 (Evander, Infant Rome) to ch 36 (The Unicorn, the Salamander)
Term 3: ch 37 (Zoroaster, Hindu Mythology) to ch 41 (Iona) (Back)

14. The Iliad is 24 "books;" you may wish to spread this over Terms 2 and 3, doing one "book" per week. There are some worthy re-tellings of The Iliad if you prefer that to the original. Some options we can recommend: Tales of Troy by Andrew Lang β Δ ($) K or The Iliad for Boys and Girls by Alfred Church Δ ($ K) Ω, or Black Ships before Troy by Rosemary Sutcliff ($), or The Iliad of Homer by Barbara Leonie Picard (K). (A Homer website) (Back)

15. Free Reading books are books that no child should miss, but rather than overloading school time, these can be read during free time. No narrations need be required from these books. Parents should also explain to students that historical fiction, while often well-researched, is still fiction, and contains the author's ideas of how things MIGHT have happened. Books with asterisks pertain to that term's historical studies. (Back)




For those on a strict budget, recommended purchases are:

The Story of the World Volume 4 The Modern Age by Susan Wise Bauer (used in year 5 and 6) ($ K)
Handbook of Nature Study by Anna Botsford Comstock (used for Years 1-6; ($) - online, but would be cumbersome to utilize that way
a math program
Augustus Caesar's World by Genevieve Foster ($)
The Mystery of the Periodic Table, by Benjamin Wiker ($ K)
The Elements, by Theodore Gray ($)
Genesis, Finding Our Roots, by Ruth Beechick ($)
Never Give In (Winston Churchill) by Stephen Mansfield ($)
The Sea Around Us by Rachel Carson, if your library doesn't have it ($ K) (we recommend the Young Readers Edition adapted by Anne Terry White if you can find it - $.)
It Couldn't Just Happen by Lawrence Richards ($ K)
Archimedes and the Door of Science by Jeanne Bendick if your library doesn't have it ($)
Galileo and the Magic Numbers by Sidney Rosen (K)
biography-type books about Michael Faraday, Albert Einstein, etc
a Latin/foreign language program
Animal Farm by George Orwell (check libray) ($ K)
The Hobbit by Tolkien (check library) ($ K)

Charlotte Mason created a "List of Attainments;" what a child should be able to do by age 6, and by age 12. It might be helpful to take a look at this list since many Year 6 students are around age 12.




Exam Questions

Last update Oct 8, 2011