Years 9-10-11: Second Year Booklist
As students mature, their reading material will present more challenging content, and may include strong language and more mature themes. We have placed footnotes linked in red beside those books that most parents will consider an issue. However, we cannot anticipate which content might be an issue for every family. We encourage parents to pre-screen material to determine its appropriateness for their child and family.
Note: These booklists and curriculum suggestions are incomplete without a thorough understanding of Charlotte Mason's ideas and methods. We cannot emphasize enough that you take time to familiarize yourself with her philosophy by reading her books.
If you're planning to use AmblesideOnline, your first stop should be the the FAQ for some information about the curriculum and basic instructions. Our FAQ answers all the questions that people routinely ask: AO's history scope and sequence, how to schedule your school days, how to do narration, and more.
Key: (What do all those symbols mean?)
Book titles are linked to Project Gutenberg (which offers free etexts in a variety of formats) or other online text when no Project Gutenberg text is available.
Asterisks refer to which term the book is used: * Term 1 ** Term 2 *** Term 3
β - manybooks.net, another free ebook site.
α - free etext at archive.org.
K - free Kindle text from amazon.com.
(£amzn) - Living Books Press purchase using AO's amazon.com affiliate link.
($amzn) - book purchase using AO's amazon.com affiliate link.
(K) - Kindle purchase using AO's amazon.com affiliate link.
(£) - Purchase directly from Living Books Press with an affiliate link; save 10% with discount code: AOBooks
Λ - free audiobook at Lit2Go
Ω - free audiobook at Librivox 
∩ - other free audiobook source
 - Click the bracketed numeral to view any notes about the book near the bottom of the page.
 - red footnotes indicate a heads-up for parents about the title. We cannot foresee every incident that might potentially be an issue to every family, but we have red-flagged those that are commonly a concern.
AO is an affiliate of Living Book Press, which means that when you purchase from livingbookpress.com we receive a commission which allows us to keep offering AO for free. LBP links are identified like this: (£)
AmblesideOnline is part of Amazon.com's Affiliate program. If you use the Amazon links, we receive a small commission which enables us to cover the costs of keeping the website and curriculum. Amazon links are identified like this: ($amzn) or (£amzn) or (K), but we have provided links to free and alternate sources as well.
AmblesideOnline Year 9-10-11 Curriculum
- Current Events (Keep up with your choice of periodicals or blogs)
- Dictation and additional writing assignments
- Foreign language
- Music Appreciation, including composers, folksongs and hymns
- Outdoor Nature Study
- Artist/Picture Study
- One of Plutarch's Lives spread over each term
- A Shakespeare play spread over each term
The following weekly readings should be broken up into daily readings in whatever way works best for your family.
Bible and Christian Theology
Bible: if you continue AO's plan, read read Isaiah, Amos, Micah, Hosea, Nahum, Zephaniah, Jeremiah 1-16, Habakkuk; John, 1 and 2 Thessalonians, 1 Corinthians; Psalms 56-105; Proverbs 1-16. (Plan to finish the Bible in Year 12.)
Keep a century chart and Century Book of the period studied. [tl]
The Great Democracies by Winston Churchill ($amzn) (K), volume 4 of History of the English Speaking Peoples; schedule here (continue from previous year)
A History of the Twentieth Century: The Concise Edition of the Acclaimed World History, by Martin Gilbert ($amzn) (K) 
Arguing About Slavery, by William Lee Miller ($amzn) continue from previous year
The Men Behind Hitler, by Bernhard Schreiber
The Trial at Nuremberg (short essay)
History Supplements and Speeches
Woodrow Wilson, entering World War I, April 2, 1917 "War Message"
Lou Gehrig's farewell to baseball speech July 4, 1939 (also see biography on the site)
Winston Churchill "Blood, sweat and tears" May 13, 1940
Winston Churchill "Their finest hour" June 18, 1940
Franklin Roosevelt's Pearl Harbor address December 8, 1941 "a day that will live in infamy"
Dwight David Eisenhower--Supreme Allied Commander broadcasts D-Day invasion order June 5, 1944 (Real Audio only--1 min. 42 sec. click on Speech Archive, scroll down to first Eisenhower entry) "The eyes of the world are upon you. The hopes and prayers of liberty-loving people everywhere march with you."
Franklin Roosevelt D-Day Prayer June 6, 1944
Douglas MacArthur's farewell to Congress April 19, 1951 "Old soldiers never die"
John F. Kennedy's Inauguration January 20, 1961 "Ask not what your country can do for you--ask what you can do for your country."
John F. Kennedy's "Ich bin ein Berliner" June 26, 1963
I Have a Dream speech by Martin Luther King, Jr. August 28, 1963 OR "I've been to the mountaintop" March 3, 1968
Ronald Reagan--Brandenburg Gate June 12, 1987 "Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!"
Shakespeare for the 2022-2023 School Year:
* Henry V
** The Tempest
*** The Merchant of Venice
The Necklace, by Guy de Maupassant (1884) Ω
How Much Land Does a Man Need?, by Leo Tolstoy (1886) Ω
The Open Boat, by Stephen Crane (1897) Ω
The Machine Stops by E. M. Forster (1909); also here Ω
The Open Window, by Saki (Hector.H. Munro; 1914)
Barn Burning, by William Faulkner (1939)
Shooting an Elephant, by George Orwell (1936)
The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, by James Thurber (1939) (possibly here)
The Lottery, by Shirley Jackson (1948) (also here)
The Outstation, by Somerset Maugham (1950) (also here, a third of the way down)
A & P, by John Updike (1961)
Harrison Bergeron, by Kurt Vonnegut Jr. (1961)
Everything That Rises Must Converge, by Flannery O'Connor (1965) or here
*** Thank You, Ma'am by Langston Hughes (1958) or here; pdf
G.K. Chesterton (A Piece of Chalk; The
Twelve Men; What is Right With the World)
In Defense of the Essay, by Christopher Orlet
The Moral Obligation to Be Intelligent, by John Erskine, 1915
The Superstition of School, by G.K. Chesterton, 1923, from The Common Man (also here)
Master of Many Trades, by Robert Twigger, 2013
The Second Time I Learned to Read by Stephen L. Carter
Introduction to Athanasius' Incarnation (or, The Reading of Old Books) by C. S. Lewis, 1944 or here
The Inner Ring, by C. S. Lewis, 1944
Politics and the English Language, by George Orwell, 1946
Abortion and the Conscience of the Nation, by Ronald Reagan, 1983
Can Beauty Help us to Become Better People?, by John Armstrong, 2014
You're Regretting Wrong, by Judith Shulevitz, 2014
Too Much Information: What Good is Information?, by Dougald Hine, 2014
Include selections from Shakespeare, the Bible, poetry and other sources. These selections may be the same ones used for recitation. Consider beginning a personal quote book.
Do dictation regularly.
Grammar and Composition
The Book on Writing: the Ultimate Guide to
Writing Well, by Paula LaRocque ($amzn) (K) continue from previous year)
On Writing Well - The Classic Guide to Writing Nonfiction, by William Zinsser ($amzn) (K)
2 Corinthians 6; Ephesians 4; Proverbs 1-4; Hebrews 8; Amos 5:1-24; 1 Peter 2
Psalm 19; Psalm 111; Psalms 121; Psalm 122; Psalm 145; Psalm 118
a poem per term from the term's poetry selections
Begin Latin if you've not started already OR Continue with any previous foreign language studies
Ourselves, by Charlotte Mason (£) (£amzn) (purchase paraphrase for Kindle)
One Blood, by Ken Ham - Study guide at AIG; video available; scroll down halfway to videos on racism. Revised edition ($amzn) (K) Old Edition ($amzn)
Plutarch for the 2022-2023 School Year:
Term 1: Marcus Brutus (Study Guide with text; Text Only)
Term 2: Pericles (Study Guide with text; Text Only)
Term 3: Fabius (Study Guide with text; Text Only)
Purchase this year's study guides, Vol 8, in one book: ($amzn) (K)
AO's full Plutarch rotation
Government and Economics
Economics in One Lesson, by Henry Hazlitt ($amzn) (K)
Graves of Academe, by Richard Mitchell ($amzn)
Are You Liberal, Conservative, or Confused?, by Richard Maybury ($amzn)
A basic government book 
Keep up with daily news (resource options here) and keep a calendar of events
Nature Study and Science
The Handbook of Nature Study α by Anna Botsford Comstock (as a reference) ($amzn)
Apologia science text ($earch) OR BJU Press Science
Microbe Hunters, by Paul de Kruif; chapters 4-12 this year α ($amzn) (K)
Six Easy Pieces, by Richard P. Feynman ($amzn) (K)
Nature Study Topics for the 2022-2023 School Year:
spring: Wildflowers/flowerless plants AO's full Nature Study rotation
Continue your math program; for some options, see this page.
Artists (Picture Study) for the 2022-2023 School Year:
2022-2023 Term 1 Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890; Dutch Post-Impressionist)
(This term's composer: Mahler, Bruckner)
1. The Starry Night, 1889, Museum of Modern Art, New York City
2. The Chair and the Pipe, 1888, National Gallery, London
3. The Night Café, 1888, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut
4. Self Portrait as an Artist, 1888, Paris, Arles, St. Remy, Auvers-sur-Oise (part of a traveling exhibit?)
5. The Vase with Sunflowers, 1888, Paris, Arles, St. Remy, Auvers-sur-Oise
6. Bedroom at Arles, 1889, Musee d'Orsay, Paris
Further Interest: The Yellow House (be sure it's the picture book by Susan Goldman Rubin)
Download a pdf file of this term's six prints here [NOTE]
2022-2023 Term 2 Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520; Italian Renaissance)
(This term's composers: Ralph Vaughn Williams, Edward Elgar; 20th Century British.)
Biography. Note: If you use the Wikipedia biography, preview it first.
1. The Knight's Dream, 1504, National Gallery, London
2. St. George and the Dragon, 1504-6, National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
3. Galatea, 1512, Villa Farnesina, Rome
OR Young Woman with a Unicorn, 1506, Galleria Borghese, Rome (more here)
4. Sistine Madonna, 1512-1514, Dresden, Germany
5. The Miraculous Draft of Fishes, 1515, The Vatican, Rome (more about this series here)
6. Ezekiel's Vision, 1518, Palazzo Pitti, Florence
Download a pdf file of this term's six prints here [NOTE]
2022-2023 Term 3 John Singer Sargent (1856-1925; American)
(This term's composer: Grieg and Sibelius)
1. Oyster Gatherers of Cancale, 1878, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
2. The Daughters of Edward Darley Boit, 1882, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
3. The Breakfast Table, 1884, also here Fogg Museum of Art, Cambridge, MA. The woman is Violet, Sargent's younger sister.
4. Carnation, Lily, Lily, Rose, 1885-6, Tate Britain, London (also here)
5. An Artist in his Studio, 1904, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
6. Lady Agnew of Lochnaw, 1892-3, National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh
Further Interest: Theodore Roosevelt, 1903, The White House, Washington, D.C.
Robert Louis Stevenson and his Wife, 1885, Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, Bentonville, AR
Download a pdf file of this term's six prints here [NOTE]
Composers for the 2022-2023 School Year:
2022-2023 Term 1 Anton Bruckner (1824-1896) and Gustav Mahler (1860-1911) (This term's artist: Vincent Van Gogh)
1. Mahler: Symphony 1 in D major "Titan" *
2. Mahler: Symphony 9 * *
3. Mahler: Kindertotenlieder (song cycle) * *
4. Bruckner: Symphony no 4 in E-flat major "Romantic" WAB 104 * *
Classics for Kids Past Shows: Bruckner; Mahler
2022-2023 Term 2 Edward Elgar (1857-1934) and Ralph Vaughn Williams (1872-1958; 20th Century British) (This term's artist: Raphael Sanzio)
1. Ralph Vaughan Williams: Symphony 1 (A Sea Symphony) *
2. Ralph Vaughan Williams: Fantasia on Greensleeves * *
3. Ralph Vaughan Williams: Fantasia on a theme by Thomas Tallis * *
Further Interest: The Lark Ascending * *
4. Edward Elgar: Serenade for String Orchestra in E minor Op 20 * *
5. Edward Elgar: Pomp and Circumstance Op 39 No.1 March in D Major * *
6. Edward Elgar: Enigma Variations Op 36 * *
Classics for Kids Past Shows: Elgar; Vaugn Williams
2022-2023 Term 3 Jean Sibelius (1865-1957; zhan suh BAY lee us) and Edvard Grieg (1843 -1907) (This term's artist: John Singer Sargent)
1. Grieg - Peer Gynt Suite no 1 Op 46 *
2. Grieg - Piano Concerto in A Op 16 * *
3. Grieg - Norwegian Dance Op 35 no 2 * *
4. Grieg - Lyric Suite Op 54 * *
For further interest: Lyric Pieces Op. 12 * *
5. Sibelius - Finlandia Op. 26 no 7 * *
6. Sibelius - Symphony No. 1 in E min Op. 39 * * or Symphony No. 2 in D maj Op. 43 * *
Free Ebook for younger students Edvard Grieg: The Boy Who Made Music in the Land of the Midnight Sun by Thomas Tapper
Classics for Kids Past Shows: Sibelius; Grieg
Hymns for the 2022-2023 School Year:
August: More Love To Thee, O Christ * ∘
September: He Leadeth Me * * * *
October: Dear Lord and Father of Mankind *
November: He Hideth My Soul * * * * *
December: How Sweet The Name of Jesus Sounds * * *
January: What A Friend We Have In Jesus * *
February: I'll Praise My Maker While I've Breath * *
March: Redeemed, How I Love To Proclaim It *
April: I'm Not Ashamed to Own My Lord *
May: Sweet Hour of Prayer * * *
June: Rock of Ages * *
July: I Stand Amazed in the Presence *
August: The Rock That Is Higher Than I *
Folksongs for the 2022-2023 School Year:
July: My Country 'Tis of Thee ∘ AO doesn't schedule folksongs for summer, but Hannah Fridenmaker picked a couple of songs to supplement for those doing folksongs in July/August.
August: America The Beautiful ∘
Bonus: I Know Moonlight, I Know Starlight * * * * ∘
September: Did You Go To the Barney * * ($mp3)
October: Waltzing Matilda * ($mp3)
November: The Fox (went out on a chilly night) * * ($mp3)
During your Christmas break, try a carol you may be less familiar with:
The Wexford Carol, While Shepherds Watched Their Flock * and/or What Child Is This? (Greensleeves) *
January: The Mermaid * * ($mp3)
February: Wayfaring Stranger * ($mp3)
March: Whoopie Ti Yi Yo Git Along Little Dogies * ($mp3)
April: Red River Valley * ($mp3)
May: Crawdad Song * ($mp3)
June: I'll Fly Away * * ($mp3)
These folksongs fit with this year's historical time period:
Poverty Knock, origin uncertain (please preview and edit the verses as your family sees fit) term three
The Triumph of General Ludd, 1811
The Arms Of Abraham
Various Songs by Stephen Foster CD: ($amzn)
Health and Physical Education
Keep fit: Learn and play a game (kick ball, tennis, croquet, ping-pong, softball, etc.) or folk-dance, or pursue other physical activity of your choice. One option is Swedish Drill Revisited by Dawn Duran purchase
Life and Work Skills
Work on useful skills such as budgeting, gardening, cooking, car maintenance, carpentry, etc.
The following is a list of books from the Lite Years that were not scheduled for this combined plan and should be consulted first for free reading. If you need more, consult the free reading suggestions from the AO booklist for Years 9, 10, and 11.
The God Who is There,
by Francis Schaeffer ($amzn) (K)
The Story of Napoleon, by H.E. Marshall α ($amzn) (K) or The Boys Life of Napoleon, by Eugenie Foa OR The Life of Horatio Lord Nelson, by Robert Southey β α ($amzn) (K)
John Adams, by David McCullough ($amzn) OR John Adams and the American Revolution, by Catherine Drinker Bowen ($amzn)
She Stoops to Conquer, by Oliver Goldsmith β α ($amzn) Ω
Pride and Prejudice, by Jane Austen β α ($amzn) ($amzn) (K) DVD: ($amzn) Ω
The Count of Monte Cristo, by Alexandre Dumas (or here) β α; Unabridged translation by R. Buss: ($amzn) (K) Ω
The Land of Little Rain, by Mary Austin β α ($amzn) Ω
The Imitation of Christ,
by Thomas a Kempis β α ($amzn) (K) Ω
Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee, by Dee Alexander Brown; optional ($amzn) (K)
Les Miserables, by Victor Hugo β α ($amzn) (K) Ω One possibility: Family Radio Theater's dramatic audio ($amzn)
Invitation to the Classics, by Louise Cowan and Os Guinness ($amzn) (Purpose of, Importance of, Classics are not Canon, and all chapters from Jane Austen to Joseph Conrad)
How Should We Then Live by Francis Schaeffer ($amzn) The video series of the same title offers a strong supplement to the book. Purchase DVD series: ($amzn)
Walden, by Henry David Thoreau β α ($amzn) (K) Free Kindle edition may not be complete.
Testament of Youth, by Vera Brittain ($amzn) (K)
When Character Was King, by Peggy Noonan; 20 chapters ($amzn)
The World: Travels 1950-2000, by Jan Morris, formerly James ($amzn) (K) (brief non-graphic mention of the author's gender-change operation in chapter 18, titled "Casablanca." The chapter is very short and can be skipped or removed. Also some language on pg 233 and 242.) (Geography)
Our National Parks, by John Muir OR The Life of the Caterpillar, by J. Henri Fabre (Fabre texts with photos)
Invitation to the Classics, by Louise Cowan and Os Guinness ($amzn) (chapters from James Joyce to Contemporary Writers)
The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald ($amzn) (K)
2. Note on Audiobooks: While links to audio books are added as a courtesy, Miss Mason's approach to grammar and composition is heavily dependent upon the children receiving an immense amount of visual exposure to the written word over many years, so parents should exercise extreme caution in how many audiobooks they use each year. Our brains just work differently when we see the words.
For children who have difficulty reading, one solution is to have them follow the audio version along in a written text.
Librivox free audio is done by volunteers, and some are better than others. Heidi Nash has a list of some favorite Librivox readers. Be aware that apps, including Librivox, that have clickable ads can open a browser and allow children unfiltered access to the internet, even when browsers have been disabled by the parent. There are options: either download mp3 files from Librivox and listen without the app, or only install the app on a parent-controlled device. Librivox has a pay option to turn off ads.
Timeline: At this age, students should be keeping a Century Chart and Book of Centuries. Students at this level in the PNEU schools made summaries of dates and events, referred to maps as they read their history, and made century charts. Instructions for making your own timelines and charts are included in these Parents' Review articles: Book of the Centuries; Teaching Chronology; The Correlation of Lessons. For more details about the why, when, how of keeping CM timelines (and other notebooks), we recommend Laurie Bestvater's book, The Living Page ($amzn). Two Book of Centuries options: (£) (£) (Back)
2. Churchill: A History of the American People by Paul Johnson ($amzn) (K) is an option, although its focus is on the US. If you choose to use it, we provide a weekly schedule for Years 9-10-11 in Two Years. (Back)
3. Invitation to the Classics: pages 307 to 366 this year, beginning with James Joyce, and continuing to the end of the book; the chapters are short. Table of Contents arranged by Year and Term for both books. (Back)
4. Diary of a Young Girl: We recommend locating an edition published before 1989, as later editions include content that was left out of earlier editions and will need parental screening. If you use a later edition -- The Critical Edition (1989), or The Definitive Edition (1991), or The Revised Critical Edition (2003) -- please pre-read for content. (The mass paperback linked from the AO website ($amzn) translated by B. M Mooryart-Doubleday "with an introduction by Eleanor Roosevelt" should be fine; it's a reprint an earlier edition.) (Back)
Plutarch: Charlotte Mason recommended Thomas North's "inimitable translation." (Back)
6. A basic government book: High School students will need to earn credit for basic government. This material can be done in Year 9, 10, 11 or 12. Some options:
Foundation for Freedom: A Study of the United States Constitution Workbook by Lars Johnson - This "workbook" is the text with review exercises after each chapter, which can be skipped. ($amzn) Foundation for Freedom is an updated, full-color version of The Story of the Constitution, Second Edition by Sol Bloom and Lars Johnson ($amzn). Both appear to be the same book/workbook, but the newer one is in color. (Sol Bloom's original 1937 Story of the Constitution, which Lars Johnson used as a foundation for his own book, is online at Hathi Trust.) Because it was written in 1937, it stops at the 21st Amendment. Lars Johnson did an excellent expanding and updating the Bloom book by adding concerns that weren't on the radar in 1937. He also wrote a chapter on limited government, checks and balances, and Biblical morality as well as a full-page explanation of each Amendment; Sol Bloom's book just explains each Amendment with a sentence or two. If you are in a situation where you need an online resource, the Sol Bloom text could work, but you should also seek out a source that explains why each Amendment was added and what it does.
Constitution 101: The Meaning and History of the Constitution is a twelve-week online course offered by Hillsdale College with 40-minute streaming video lectures (or you can download the audios). You have to register with a login and password, but the course is free. After you register, "you can find out how to get a copy of Hillsdale's U.S. Constitution Reader, the essential companion to the course, which contains over a hundred primary source documents edited by Hillsdale's Politics faculty." The website says the course begins on Feb 24, but their FAQ says their courses are archived so you can start them at any time, and you can go at your pace.
Exploring Government Curriculum Package by Ray Notgrass (purchase from CBD)
The Everything American Government Book by Nick Ragone is an easy to read explanation of political terms (such as caucus, filibuster, bureaucracy, regulatory commission, judicial review, pork barrel spending, gerrymandering) with a minimum of bias. The author glosses over the Constitution, giving his interpretation of the key points, so this is not a substitute for learning what's in the U.S. Constitution. If you decide to use this book, we provide a schedule that divides it over either 36 weeks or 18 weeks. ($amzn) (K).
This 10-minute YouTube video presents a clear explanation of the difference between a republic based on law, and a democracy based on majority rule. (Back)
Last updated Mar. 16, 2021